Archive for March, 2009

Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized



Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized
Author: http://www.MedAme.com
Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized

All too often, people who need physical therapy avoid it because they feel uncomfortable. It angers them that they cannot do what they used to do before their accident or injury or surgery, and since that is the case they retreat from life and just assume that they are stuck with their new mobility level. Physical therapy, however, does not have to have such a stigma about it. It is a necessary part of life for a lot of people and those people should not be ashamed of working hard to return to the lives that they led before.

For an elderly person physical therapy can be especially difficult, and the same is true for people who are handicapped. These groups may never have - or return to, in the case of an elderly individual - the same mobility level that is seen in most of the population. Even though this is a reality that a lot of people face, that does not mean that they have to waste away and not enjoy everything that they are able to do. Physical therapy aids like hand and arm exercisers, pedal exercisers, and equipment to help a person stretch and strengthen his or her limbs can be of tremendous assistance to someone who wants to improve mobility.

For those who are having trouble walking because of weakness due to old age or a debilitating condition, pedal exercisers can help them strengthen their legs without the dangers of walking around unsupervised. These work like a bicycle, but they can be used anywhere. They are small and portable, and the patient can easily sit on the couch or a comfortable chair, place the pedal exerciser on the floor, and use it while watching TV or visiting with others in the comfort of his or her own home. This makes the pedal exerciser very beneficial to someone who is trying to build up leg strength and become safer and more mobile in the future.

Other people who need physical therapy might be able to get around just fine but have problems with the strength in one or both hands or arms. This can come from an injury, a handicap, or a medical problem such as a stroke. Hand and arm exercisers are a safe and easy option for these people to regain both strength and mobility. Having items to squeeze builds hand strength, and using very light weights can help to return muscle tone and strength to arms that might otherwise not as easily recover. Having enough hand and arm strength is important, especially for elderly or handicapped people who might have balance problems and need to steady themselves to keep from falling.

A fall could be very serious, and this is certainly true if the person lives alone. If no one is around to help an elderly person or someone with a handicap might lay on the floor for a long time waiting for rescue. If the fall injured that person, it could even become life-threatening. There is certainly nothing wrong with using physical therapy aids to regain strength and mobility in an effort to avoid such dangers. Adult children who have elderly parents and caregivers of the handicapped can encourage this kind of physical therapy work by being tactful, open, and honest about the benefits that can be attained.

Another good way to use physical therapy aids to improve mobility and strength is through the use of stretching. As we age, we often do not move around as much, because our bodies do not always like to do everything they used to do. Disabled people can have the same problems - they are often not as mobile as others, so they do not make any extra effort to keep up the mobility and strength that they do have. The use of strengthening and stretching equipment such as bands can help make physical therapy exercise more enjoyable and convince people to work harder at making themselves as strong, healthy, and mobile as their bodies will allow.

An important consideration when choosing physical therapy aids for exercise is what the person is already capable of doing and their general level of health. Following a doctor's recommendations is very important to ensuring that a person starting out on a physical therapy program is not further injured by trying to do too much too quickly. Open and honest conversation with the doctor and with the patient is the way to avoid most problems that could arise, and will allow an elderly or disabled person to enjoy better freedom of movement through rewarding and beneficial exercise.
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Bariatric Centers for Disabled Accessibility & Gastric By Pass

http://www.aedrx.info Bariatric Centers for Disabled Accessibility and Gastric By Pass. Bariatric Reclining lightweight weelchair for up to 450 lb patients. Read the rest of this entry

Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection



Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection
Author: http://www.MedAme.com
Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection

There are a lot of different kinds of mattress overlays and it depends on exactly what you're in need of as to which one would be best for your situation. The most common of the overlays are filled with water, air, or gel. All three have their benefits for the bed-bound patient or for a person who is mobile but who does spend the majority of his or her time in bed. If you are the caregiver for a person in this condition - whether that person is a relative or someone you are being paid to care for - you want that person to be comfortable and well-cared-for. There are a lot of ways to do this, and one of the best is through the use of a mattress overlay. But which one should you buy - water, air, or gel?

A popular water overlay is the Hydr-O-Ease Flotation Mattress Overlay. These can be purchased in both gel and water varieties for about $76 or $62 respectively. This particular overlay works well for home care, but it can also be used in nursing homes and in hospitals, both for therapeutic treatment and for pressure relief. The sleeping surface is comfortable and there is one big benefit with this overlay - it doesn't have that wave effect and rocking problem that is usually found in most water mattresses. It also won't easily leak because the seams are heat sealed and then electronically tested. The overlay is durable, too, being composed of high-grade vinyl that has been treated with an anti-microbial agent. Clean-up and sanitation is a snap. The pad measures 32 inches by 72 inches and the instructions for filling it and taking care of it are printed on it, to avoid losing an instruction sheet. There are fill lines on the water flotation overlay and pre-measured packets for the gel overlay to make sure that it is filled to the proper depth. Another good feature of the Hydr-O-Ease is the temperature gauge, which is easy to read and can help avoid problems like hypothermia that can come about from allowing a patient to lie on a mattress full of cold water or gel.

Another popular choice is the Air-O-Ease Static Air Mattress Overlay. This overlay avoids the chance of leakage that can come from a water or gel mattress. It has the same heat sealed seams and anti-microbial surface as the Hydr-O-Ease and costs a bit less, at around $52 making it a more affordable option for patients who are on a very fixed income. The air circulation that comes through the unique construction of this Mason Medical air mattress helps to keep the buildup of heat down and also lower the interface pressures that patients have when they spend a long time lying in their bed. It also helps to remove moisture to keep a patient dry. Placement over the mattress is secured with retraining straps that can be adjusted to fit all types and sizes of mattresses, preventing the overlay from sliding around. The Air-O-Ease is the same size as the Hydr-O-Ease, measuring 32 inches by 72 inches, and features two adaptors for filling the mattress and removing the air when the mattress is no longer needed. One of the best features of this overlay is that it conforms to California Technical Bulletin #117, which means that it has a high degree of fire retardancy. It ships free to anywhere in the continental United States.

If a gel overlay would be preferred, the Sierra Gel Mattress Overlay might be the right choice. At just under $223 it is more expensive than the other options but some people find it to be superior to the other options available for mattress overlays. It is slightly bigger than its competitors, measuring in at 34X78X3, and it not only meets the same fire retardant specifications of the Air-O-Ease but also meets all standards for infection control. It offers a support base and a shell made of a high-density polyurethane foam. Inside the overlay are a series of gel bladders. The surface cleans easily and there is no assembly or inflation necessary. The gel is non-toxic should it ever leak due to a puncture or other problem, and the anti-microbial and anti-bacterial border material and bottom panel help to keep the patient both comfortable and healthy.

When purchasing a pad or overlay for a mattress there are a lot of different considerations and it is easy to see here that there are also a lot of different options. Most of these depend on issues like cost and features, but personal preference also plays a strong role. Patients who are able should certainly have a say in what type of overlay is purchased. For those who do not have that ability, taking a good look at features and benefits can go a long way toward making the right overlay choice.
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Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function



Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function
Author: www.MedAME.com
Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function

When people need to be on oxygen they must have a source that's reliable. Some of these people can go for a period of time without their supplemental oxygen but others must have access to it at all times in order to survive. These individuals can range from elderly people with emphysema to much younger patients with chronic heart and lung ailments. If you need supplemental oxygen or if you care for someone who does, chances are you worry about whether they have everything that they need and whether they have a reliable system to provide oxygen for them without failing or breaking down. There are several brands of oxygen concentrators out there for sale, and it's important to get one of the best ones so that you won't be fearful of running out of oxygen or having a system that does not produce at a high enough flow rate for the needs that you have.

The Invacare Platinum XL II 5-Liter Oxygen Concentrator is one of the best and most reliable choices on the market today. It comes in two styles - a standard model for around $1165 and an upgraded model for just over $1300, both of which come with a limited warranty for five years. The best thing about the warranty, however, is that there is no hour limit on the compressor. In other words, it could be allowed to run continuously for the full five years and would still be covered by the warranty. This is a great benefit for people who must use the oxygen often and therefore operate the compressor frequently. It is a limited warranty, though, so it's important to read everything thoroughly and know exactly what's covered and what's not to make sure that you understand everything about the machine.

The Invacare oxygen concentrator is also completely compatible with the HomeFill II Oxygen Filling System and is extremely quiet. It has a proprietary, spring-mounted compressor and comes in at a noise level of only 50 dB. The top handle and the bottom recesses of the system allow for easy handling and because it has an upgraded compressor the time before preventative maintenance is required is longer than it would be on most other brands. In order to help make maintenance and cleaning easier the Invacare oxygen concentrator also has a side door to help a person reach the inlet filter and the diagnostics. The internal components are accessed through removing only four cabinet screws and the system runs on a standard 110 volt outlet, meaning no special wiring is required. The oxygen output of the machine is between 87% and 95% at all flow rates, providing enough oxygen for almost anyone's needs.

If the 5-Liter oxygen concentrator is not enough, there is also a 10-Liter model. This model provides up to 10 liters of oxygen a minute to help patients who require a very high flow. It only weighs two pounds more than the 5-Liter model and costs around $1000 more, but it can provide enough oxygen for even the most severe patients. Most patients don't fall into this category but there are certainly some who do, and their very lives could depend on whether they get the amount of supplemental oxygen that they need. The 10-Liter model is also a very attractive alternative to someone who doesn't want to use one of the liquid systems but still needs something that will provide them with the strong flow rate that they require. In addition to the five-year compressor warranty that the 5-Liter model has, the 10-Liter model also offers a warranty of three years on all of the other components of the machine.

The sound level of the 10-Liter model is just 8 dB louder and the flow rate is the same, at 87% to 95%. Both operate in the same way, need the same kind of maintenance, and have the same basic dimensions. The difference between the two machines and which one a person would want to buy would come down to how much oxygen that person needed on a minute by minute basis. Needing a flow rate of 10 liters per minute would require the larger and more expensive model, as the smaller one wouldn't be able to produce that amount. If you need oxygen, you should check with your doctor to be sure exactly what your needs are currently and what they're expected to be within the next few years, so you can be sure to get the right oxygen concentrator to meet all your needs.

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Moisture Barriers for Incontinence



Moisture Barriers for Incontinence
Author: MedAme.com
Moisture Barriers for Incontinence - Creams for Adults

Anyone who has ever had a baby - or assisted in changing a baby - knows about diaper rash and the fact that there are ointments and creams to help avoid it and clear it up. For many senior adults, rashes and other problems in their personal regions can become a problem due to incontinence. No one likes to talk about it but ignoring it will not make it go away. It only makes it worse. The best thing to do is address the issue head-on, and while you're doing that you can purchase moisture barrier cream to help your elderly relative feel better. Once a rash gets started, especially in a warm, moist area of the body, it can be difficult to get rid of and can also lead to other problems like infections. By using a moisture barrier cream, these kinds of concerns can more easily be prevented.

If you have to buy a moisture barrier cream it's easy to get confused. There are a lot of choices out there and knowing which one will work can often be down to trial and error. While they are all designed to do the same thing their ingredients can be quite different, and this can sometimes lead to allergies and other problems. A patient will resist the use of a moisture barrier if it's more painful than the problems arising from the moisture! Fortunately, Cavilon makes a no-sting barrier film. It comes in swabs, wipes, and bottles. A box of 25, 1ml swabs can be purchased for less than $50, and if you need a much larger quantity or something that can be just sprayed on you can get a box of 12, 28ml spray bottles for around $160, and the shipping is free within the continental United States. There are also 3ml swabs and wipes that can be purchased. This Cavilon product is alcohol-free, painless, and dries very quickly, making it a convenient choice as well as a comfortable one. It works on moisture from the body in the form of sweat, but it is also effective against feces and urine. It is an all-around good choice for a moisture barrier, especially if sensitive skin is a problem.

If a moisture barrier cream is more what you're looking for there are options for that as well. Carrington Moisture Barrier Cream can also be shipped for free, and it has the staying power that many people are looking for when it comes to a moisture barrier and protectant. Like the Cavilon product, it also protects against urine and fecal matter and since it moisturizes it can help to soothe irritated and reddened skin. Being long lasting helps to save both time and money, as well. A 3.5 ounce tube of Carrington Moisture Barrier Cream costs less than $20, and if you buy 12 tubes at once the cost is less than $83, which is a tremendous savings. These kinds of products can be used by mobile people who have incontinence problems and also by caregivers of the elderly and disabled, since many of these people are bed-bound and some cannot control their bladder and bowels. Using a moisture barrier helps avoid infection and odor, as well as the skin irritation that can come from the elimination process and also from the repeated washing of the area in an effort to keep the patient clean.

If a person has allergies or very sensitive skin, or if a person is bothered by fragrances or dyes in their products the best choice might be ConvaTec Aloe Vesta Protective Ointment. There are no irritating dyes or fragrances found in this product and it is long lasting as a moisture barrier, repelling moisture while it conditions the skin. It works on diaper rash, feces, urine, and wound drainage, and it's hypoallergenic. The company states that it provides superior protection, and it can be purchased in a two-ounce tube for less than $18 or in an eight-ounce tube for just a little over $25. If larger quantities are needed the discounts are impressive, with 24, two-ounce tubes costing just over $100 and 12, eight-ounce tubes costing just under $133 with no shipping charges.

Whether you want sprays, swabs, wipes, creams, or ointments there are a lot of different options to look at when choosing a moisture barrier. Of course price is usually a consideration, but patient comfort should come first. Whether you're the patient or the caregiver you understand the importance of a product that works well, and you might need to try a couple of different choices until you find the one that's best for you.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Acne

Acne is a very common disease. People who have it tend to have similar kinds of questions about it and its treatment. This section addresses some of the common questions asked by people with acne. Please remember that your dermatologist is always the best source of specific information about your individual health issues, including acne.

Commonly Questions about acne treatment skin care and Answer about how to clear acne does follows:

1.

What causes acne?

The causes of acne are linked to the changes that take place as young people mature from childhood to adolescence (puberty). The hormones that cause physical maturation also cause the sebaceous (oil) glands of the skin to produce more sebum (oil). The hormones with the greatest effect on sebaceous glands are androgens (male hormones), which are present in females as well as males, but in higher amounts in males.

Sebaceous glands are found together with a hair shaft in a unit called a sebaceous follicle. During puberty, the cells of the skin that line the follicle begin to shed more rapidly. In people who develop acne, cells shed and stick together more so than in people who do not develop acne. When cells mix with the increased amount of sebum being produced, they can plug the opening of the follicle. Meanwhile, the sebaceous glands continue to produce sebum, and the follicle swells up with sebum.

In addition, a normal skin bacteria called P. acnes, begins to multiply rapidly in the clogged hair follicle. In the process, these bacteria produce irritating substances that can cause inflammation. Sometimes, the wall of the follicle bursts, spreading inflammation to the surrounding skin. This is the process by which acne lesions, from blackheads to pimples to nodules, are formed.
2.

I wash my face several times a day. Why do I still get acne?

Many people still believe that acne is caused by dirty skin. The truth is, washing alone will not clear up or prevent acne. Washing does, however, help remove excess surface oils and dead skin cells. Many people use all kinds of products, including alcohol-based cleansers, and scrub vigorously, only to irritate the skin further and worsen their acne. Washing the skin twice a day gently with water and a mild soap is usually all that is required. However, acne is actually caused by a variety of biologic factors that are beyond the control of washing. For that reason, you should use appropriate acne treatments for the acne.
3.

Does stress cause acne?

Stress is commonly blamed for the development of acne. Stress can have many physiologic effects on the body, including changes in hormones that may theoretically lead to acne. In some cases the stress may actually be caused by the acne lesions, not the other way around! If the acne is being treated effectively, stress is not likely to have much impact on the majority of people.
4.

I never had acne as a teenager. Why am I now getting acne as an adult?

Usually, acne begins at puberty and is gone by the early 20s. In some cases, acne may persist into adulthood. Such types of acne include severe forms that affect the body as well as the face (which afflict males more than females) and acne associated with the menstrual cycle in women. In other cases, acne may not present itself until adulthood. Such acne is more likely to affect females than males.

There are several reasons for this. As females get older, the pattern of changes in hormones may itself change, disposing sebaceous glands to develop acne. Ovarian cysts and pregnancy may also cause hormonal changes that lead to acne. Some women get acne when they discontinue birth control pills that have been keeping acne at bay. Sometimes young women may wear cosmetics that are comedogenic-that is, they can set up conditions that cause comedones to form.
5.

What role does diet play in acne?

Acne is not caused by food. Following a strict diet will not, clear your skin. While some people feel that their acne is aggravated by certain foods, particularly chocolate, colas, peanuts, shellfish and some fatty foods, there is no scientific evidence that suggests food causes or influences acne. Avoid any foods which seem to worsen your acne and, for your overall health, eat a balanced diet--but diet shouldn't really matter if the acne is being appropriately treated.
6.

Does the sun help acne?

Many patients feel that sunlight improves their acne lesions and go to great lengths to find sources of ultraviolet light. There is no proven effect of sunlight on acne. In addition, ultraviolet light in sunlight increases the risk of skin cancer and early aging of the skin. It is, therefore, not a recommended technique of acne management, especially since there are many other proven forms of treatment for acne. Moreover, many acne treatments increase the skin's sensitivity to ultraviolet light, making the risk of ultraviolet light exposure all the worse.
7.

What is the best way to treat acne?

Everyone's acne must be treated individually. If you have not gotten good results from the acne products you have tried, consider seeing a dermatologist. Your dermatologist will decide which treatments are best for you. For more information about the types of acne treatments that are available, and for basic acne treatment guidelines, please see Acne Treatments in the main part of AcneNet.
8.

What kind of cosmetics and cleansers can an acne patient use?

Look for "noncomedogenic" cosmetics and toiletries. These products have been formulated so that they will not cause acne.

Some acne medications cause irritation or pronounced dryness particularly during the early weeks of therapy, and some cosmetics and cleansers can actually worsen this effect. The choice of cosmetics and cleansers should be made with your dermatologist or pharmacist.

Heavy foundation makeup should be avoided. Most acne patients should select powder blushes and eye shadow over cream products because they are less irritating and noncomedogenic. Camouflaging techniques can be used effectively by applying a green undercover cosmetic over red acne lesions to promote color blending.
9.

Is it harmful to squeeze my blemishes?

Yes. In general, acne lesions should not be picked or squeezed by the patient. In particular, inflammatory acne lesions should never be squeezed. Squeezing forces infected material deeper into the skin, causing additional inflammation and possible scarring.
1.

Can anything be done about scarring caused by acne?

Scarring is best prevented by getting rid of the acne. Dermatologists can use various methods to improve the scarring caused by acne. The treatment must always be individualized for the specific patient. Chemical peels may be used in some patients, while dermabrasion or laser abrasion may benefit others. It is important that the acne be well controlled before any procedure is used to alleviate scarring.
2.

How long before I see a visible result from using my acne medication?

The time for improvement depends upon the product being used, but in almost all cases it is more a matter of weeks or months instead of days. Most dermatologists would recommend the use of a medication or combination of medications daily for 4 to 8 weeks before they would change the treatment. It is very important for patients to be aware of this time frame so they do not become discouraged and discontinue their medications. Conversely, if you see no change whatsoever, you might want to check with your dermatologist regarding the need to change treatments.
3.

Would using my medication more frequently than prescribed speed up the clearing of my acne?

No--always use your medication exactly as your dermatologist instructed. Using topical medications more often than prescribed may actually induce more irritation of the skin, redness and follicular plugging, which can delay clearing time. If oral medications are taken more frequently than prescribed, they won't work any better, but there is a greater chance of side effects.
4.

My topical treatment seems to work on the spots I treat, but I keep getting new acne blemishes. What should I do?

Topical acne medications are made to be used on all acne-prone areas, not just individual lesions. Part of the goal is to treat the skin before lesions can form and to prevent formation, not just to treat existing lesions. Patients are generally advised to treat all of the areas (forehead, cheeks, chin and nose) that tend to break out rather than just individual lesions.
5.

My face is clear! Can I stop taking my medication now?

If your dermatologist says you can stop, then stop--but follow your dermatologist's instructions. Many times patients will stop their medication suddenly only to have their acne flare up several weeks later. If you are using multiple products, it may be advisable to discontinue one medication at a time and judge results before discontinuing them all at once. Ask your dermatologist before you stop using any of your medications.
6.

Does it matter what time I use my medication?

Check with your dermatologist or pharmacist. If you were taking one dose a day of an antibiotic, you could probably take it in the morning, at midday or in the evening, although you should pick one time of day and stay with it throughout your treatment. With oral medications prescribed twice a day or three times a day, you should try your best to spread out the doses evenly. Some antibiotics should be taken on an empty or nearly empty stomach. For optimal results with topical treatments, you should strictly follow your dermatologist's recommendations. For example, if instructed to apply benzoyl peroxide in the morning and a topical retinoid at bedtime, it is important to follow these directions strictly. If the two were applied together at bedtime, for example, you could decrease the efficacy of the treatment because of chemical reactions that make them less effective.
7.

I have trouble remembering to take my oral medication every day. What's a good way to remember? What should I do if I forget a dose?

This is a common problem. Many patients try to associate taking their medication with a routine daily event such as brushing teeth or applying makeup. It also helps to keep the medication close to the area where the reminder activity is carried out.

In most cases, if you miss a day of your oral treatment, do not double up the next day; rather, get back to your daily regimen as soon as possible--but there may be different instructions for different oral medications. Ask your dermatologist or pharmacist about what to do if you miss a dose of your particular medication.
8.

I have been using topical benzoyl peroxide and an oral antibiotic for my acne and have noticed blue-black and brown marks developing on my face and some discoloration on my body. The marks are especially noticeable around acne scars and recently healed lesions. Is this a side effect of medication and is it permanent?

It is not possible to make general statements about side effects of medications that apply to individual cases. A dermatologist should be consulted. The facial marks and body discoloration described by the patient in this case do fall within the range of side effects of some antibiotics.

Unique patterns of pigmentation are sometimes seen in acne patients treated with certain oral antibiotics—particularly minocycline. The pigmentation patterns that appear may include:
* Localized blue-black or brown marks in and around acne scars and in areas of previous acne inflammation

* A "muddy skin" appearance that may cover much of the body

* Diffuse brownish pigmentation of the feet and lower legs.

The pigmentation side effect gradually disappears after the therapy is discontinued.

Any side effect of a medication should be noted by the patient and brought to the attention of the physician. While most side effects are temporary they should be discussed with the physician and monitored.

1.

My doctor is prescribing a topical retinoid for my acne. He said a retinoid is a substance related to vitamin A. If the drug is related to vitamin A, shouldn't vitamin A dietary supplements be helpful in getting rid of acne?

Dietary vitamin A is essential to good health, especially vision. It has healthful effects in the skin. Large doses of vitamin A for the treatment of acne is not recommended on grounds of safety. The retinoids and retinoid-like substances used as topical treatments for acne are prepared especially for their potent effect on the shedding of cell lining in the sebaceous follicle. Their use should be monitored by a dermatologist.

Dietary vitamin A has multiple health effects in the human body. Vitamin A is essential for good vision. Extreme vitamin A deficiency can result in blindness, usually accompanied by dry, scaly skin. Vitamin A overdose that far exceeds the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of 5,000 IU can have effects nearly as catastrophic. Extreme vitamin A overdose can cause the skin to blister and peel—an effect first seen in early North Pole explorers who nearly died after eating polar bear liver that has an extraordinarily high vitamin A content.

Topical retinoids are usually prescribed as a treatment for moderate to severe acne. Side effects are chiefly dermatologic, including redness, scaling and dryness of the skin, itching and burning. These side effects can usually be managed by adjustment of the amount and timing of retinoid applied to the skin. Dose adjustment must be discussed with the dermatologist who prescribed the treatment.

2.

Are there any acne treatments specifically for people with dark skin? Are there any treatments specifically harmful to dark skin?

There are no acne treatments specifically for use on dark skin. Acne treatments are generally as safe and effective on dark skin as on light skin. Some treatments for acne scars may cause temporary lightening of dark skin.

Acne is a common skin disease that has the same causes and follows the same course in all colors of skin.

Very dark or black skin may be less well-moisturized than lighter skin. Topical anti-acne agents such as benzoyl peroxide that have a drying effect on the skin should be used under the supervision of a dermatologist. Benzoyl peroxide also is a strong bleach and therefore must be applied carefully to avoid inadvertent decolorization of a patch of hair, towels or clothing.

Darker skin has a tendency to develop post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (excessive skin darkening at places where the skin was inflamed). Severe inflammatory acne may result in dark spots. The spots resolve over time; a dermatologist may be able to recommend cosmetic measures to make the spots less apparent until they resolve. Some acne treatments, such as topical retinoids and azelaic acid, may also help fade the discoloration.

Removal of acne scars by dermabrasion or chemical peeling may cause temporary lightening or darkening of dark skin in the areas of treatment. Scar treatment should be discussed with a dermatologist or dermatologic surgeon before it is undertaken.

Alterations of melanin (dark pigments that give the skin its color) pigmentation such as vitiligo and melasma are not related to acne, but they may be present simultaneously with acne. The diagnosis and treatment of melanin pigmentation disorders such as vitiligo requires a dermatologist with knowledge and experience in treating these conditions.

3.

Is acne that appears for the first time in adulthood different from acne that appears in adolescence?

Acne has a specific definition as a disease of sebaceous follicles. This definition applies to acne that occurs at any age. However, it may be important to look for an underlying cause of acne that occurs for the first time in adulthood.

Current understanding of the causes of acne vulgaris is described in the Main Text section Why and how acne happens. In brief summary, acne vulgaris develops when excessive sebum production and abnormal growth and death of cells in the sebaceous follicle result in plugging of follicles with a mixture of sebum and cellular debris and formation of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads). Bacteria in the follicles—chiefly Propionibacterium acnes, the most common bacterial colonist of sebaceous follicles—may contribute to the inflammation of acne by release of metabolic products that cause inflammatory reaction. The pathogenic events, which cause disease, in the sebaceous follicle are believed to be due in large degree to changes in levels of androgenic (male) hormones in the body.

4.

Some acne investigators believe that although this understanding is generally correct, there is more yet to be learned about the causes of acne vulgaris.

Acne that appears after the age of 25-30 years is (1) a recurrence of acne that cleared up after adolescence, (2) a flare-up of acne after a period of relative quiet—for example, during pregnancy, or (3) acne that occurs for the first time in a person who had never previously had acne.

Acne that occurs in adulthood may be difficult to treat if there are multiple recurrences. Some patients with severe recurrent acne have undergone repeated courses of treatment with the potent systemic drug isotretinoin.

Acne flares in association with pregnancy or menstruation are due to changes in hormonal patterns.

Acne that appears for the first time in adulthood should be investigated for any underlying cause. Drugs that can induce acne include anabolic steroids (sometimes used illegally by athletes to "bulk up"), some anti-epileptic drugs, the anti-tuberculosis drugs isoniazid and rifampin, lithium, and iodine-containing drugs. Chlorinated industrial chemicals may induce the occupational skin disorder known as chloracne. Chronic physical pressure on the skin—for example, by a backpack and its straps, or a violin tucked against the angle of the jaw and chin—may induce so-called acne mechanica. Some metabolic conditions may cause changes in hormonal balance that can induce acne.

Some lesions that appear to be acne may be another skin disorder such as folliculitis—infection and inflammation of hair follicles—that require different treatment than acne. Acne that appears for the first time in adulthood should be examined and treated by a dermatologist.

5.

My 15-year-old daughter has what I would describe as a very mild case of acne. She has made it much worse by constant picking and squeezing. She looks in the mirror for hours, looking for some blackhead or blemish she can pick or squeeze. Does she need psychological counseling?

Excessive picking and squeezing of otherwise mild acne is a condition called excoriated acne, seen most often in young women. A dermatologist may provide effective counseling.

The typical person with excoriated acne is a person—often a young women—who is so distressed with her appearance due to acne that she literally tries to "squeeze the acne out of existence." The acne is often very mild, but the person's face may constantly be covered with red marks from squeezing, and open sores where lesions have been picked open.

The word excoriate means to scratch or abrade the skin. Excoriated acne is a medically recognized condition that should be discussed with a dermatologist. Occasionally giving in to a temptation to squeeze a blackhead is not defined as excoriated acne. Hours in front of a mirror, squeezing and picking every blemish, is a definition of excoriated acne. A dermatologist may be able to counsel the patient regarding a course of treatment in which the patient can participate, but keep "hands off."

6.

Can the rate of secretion or the composition of sebum be altered by diet? If it can, shouldn't alteration of diet be considered a treatment for acne?

Diet has never been proven to have a role in the cause or treatment of acne. Dietary manipulation may have a role in the treatment of some scaling diseases of the skin, but not in the treatment of acne.

Dietary cause is one of the most persistent myths about acne. Foods, such as chocolate or greasy foods, do not cause acne, but certain foods seem to make some people's acne worse. The following can bring on or worsen it:
* Hereditary factors
* An increase in male hormones found in both males and females
* Menstruation
* Emotional stress
* Oil and grease from cosmetics, work environment

No food has been shown to be effective in preventing or treating acne. A healthy diet is, of course, necessary for good general health.

7.

Shouldn't I just try to eliminate sebum from my body?

No. When it isn't blocked in your pores, sebum helps keep your skin healthy.

8.

Why does acne usually start at puberty?

No one knows for certain. What is known is that the sebaceous glands that produce sebum get much larger at puberty than they were before.

9.

Why does the skin around a pimple turn red?

This redness is caused by the body's inflammatory response. Inflammation is a sign that your immune system is working to fight an infection. However, the inflammatory response doesn't always work perfectly, and can even be the cause of scarring.

10.

If my skin turns red, does that mean that I'm going to have scars?

Usually, no. Even when there will be no permanent scar, the aftereffects of the inflammatory response can leave the skin red for months, sometimes for more than a year.

11.

What are free radicals?

Free radicals are byproducts of oxidation in your body. We all need oxidation to occur as part of our life process, but there is concern that the buildup of unrecycled free radicals contributes to many conditions, including skin damage. Antioxidants, including several of the active ingredients in Acuzine, help prevent the buildup of free radicals.

P.S. Read about emotional freedom technique, this technique has helped many people to get into balance.

Increase Your Loved One’s Mobility



Increase Your Loved One's Mobility
Author: Med AME
Canes and Crutches - Increase Your Loved One's Mobility

Not everyone can get around at 80 quite as well as they did at 30, although there are some exceptions. For most people, however, mobility becomes difficult once they pass their seventies, and sometimes younger people have trouble as well. This trouble can be short-term from an accident, injury, or surgery, or it can be long-term, chronic, and debilitating. When it becomes long-term the goal becomes helping the person have as much mobility as possible. There are several ways to do this, but the most common are canes, and crutches. Which one of these is needed will depend on the degree of mobility that someone has, how steady they are on their feet, their overall health and strength, and other factors. One thing is for sure, though, and that's the fact that there are almost always options - but they should be looked at carefully to make sure you're getting the best item for your needs.

Where crutches are concerned a lot of people who use them all the time prefer the forearm crutch. Since it fits over the forearm it is more stable than the standard crutches that fit into the armpit. The forearm crutch is also beneficial because it does not rub on a person as hard as the standard crutch and this avoids the sensitive and irritated skin that can often come about due to pressure and rubbing. Invacare, a leader in home health products, makes a forearm crutch in junior, adult, and tall, and a pair can be purchased for just over $60, making them a good bargain. They are aluminum with vinyl-coated cuffs, oversized crutch tips for stability, and a three-year warranty. Since they have cushioned vinyl handgrips and can hold up to 300 pounds they are a logical choice for many people who need crutches with added stability. For people who are looking for the standard crutches, Invacare makes these as well, in junior, adult, and tall, for about $27. They have a weight capacity of 250 pounds, padded handgrips, and rubber tips that are reinforced with metal.

If crutches are not needed, canes are also good choices. Invacare and Rubbermaid both make canes. Invacare's standard cane is made of aluminum and costs only a little over $20. It is lightweight at less than a pound but can support up to 250 pounds, and it adjusts from 30 inches to 39 inches so that it can fit anyone from 4'6" to 6'6" in height. The grip on the cane is soft and spongy, reducing hand fatigue. However, it is still strong enough to resist compression so that it stays solid for a long period of time. The best thing about the Invacare cane, though, is that it has such a low price and still comes with a limited lifetime warranty. It's a great deal for someone who will be needed a cane to get around, but it's not the only cane worth considering.

Rubbermaid also has canes available with both round and offset handles. The round-handle cane comes in a standard grip and a narrower grip which is often more comfortable for the smaller hands of women. The price for one of these canes, with either grip, is just over $22, and with a 250 pound weight capacity the cane can be used by almost everyone. The height adjustment starts at 29 inches and goes all the way up to 38 inches in one inch increments, and shipping is free. However, if you need a cane with an offset handle, Rubbermaid can meet your needs there, as well. The offset handle cane has the same weight rating and height adjustment, but provides a cushioned grip and a wrist strap for just over $28 and free shipping.

No matter what cane or crutch is chosen it is important to get the right one that meets the needs of the patient. If you are the patient, you may already know what you need or what you would like better. If you are taking care of the patient, listening to that person and letting them tell you what they need is a good first step. They may have to try out some options until they find what works best for them, but they should be active participants in their care for as long as they are able. By keeping them active in the decision making process they feel more useful and the transition from their previous abilities to the need for a crutch or cane can be made in a less painful way. Depression can be a real problem for the elderly or for people who are disabled and allowing them to have as much control over their lives as possible works to lessen that.

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Sub Tanning In The Back Yard

Each year, millions of men and women head to their local tanning salons. While indoor tanning is a great way to get a tan, it is not the only way. It seems as if many tanners have forgotten what they have, right in their own backyard. If you are a tanner, especially one that spends a fairly large amount of money on indoor tanning, you are encouraged to consider backyard tanning. Backyard tanning has an unlimited number of benefits, many of which you many find useful and money saving.

Before you can begin to understand the benefits of backyard sunbathing, it is important to keep one thing in mind. Tanning is not necessarily considered a safe activity. Tanning, especially in large amounts, has been known to create a number of different health problems. One of those problems is a potentially deadly one, skin cancer. While many forms of skin cancer are treatable, there are others that are not. Before making the decision to head outside, it is advised that you give this serious sunbathing risk some thought. After careful examination, you may decide that the risks are not worth the short-term results.

While most individuals are familiar with skin cancer, there is another health concern that many are largely unaware of. In addition to skin cancer, sunbathing can also cause premature aging of the skin. For many tanners, this makes them look older than they really are, not in a good way either. What is deceiving about tanning is that you will look great in the moment, but skin damage will accumulate overtime. This means that although your skin may not show signs of aging now, it could in a few years.

After you have examined the above mentioned risks, such as premature aging of the skin and skin cancer, you should then decide whether or not tanning is right for you. If you feel that it is, you may want to head out to your own backyard, instead of visiting your local tanning salon. As previously mentioned, there are literally an unlimited number of benefits to tanning in your own backyard. Just a few of those benefits many include free tanning and a relaxed environment.

The main reason why tanning in your own backyard is cheaper than tanning salons is because the sun is free. As long as you have a clear space in your backyard, you should be able to soak up some of the sun’s rays. Doing so will not cost you any money at all; however, visiting your local tanning salon will. The amount of money it will cost to go tanning indoors will all depend on the tanning salon that you visit. Despite these different fees, many tanning salons charge around ten dollars a week. That means that a years worth of tanning could exceed five hundred dollars. With backyard tanning, you could put that money to better use.

One of the many reasons why indoor tanning beds are popular is because they are convenient. Many individuals schedule a tanning session after work or during one of their breaks. Although tanning can be considered convenient, in a way, it is also inconvenient. Not only will you have to drive to the tanning salon, pay to tan, but you will also have to wait your turn. Backyard tanning can be done at just about any time and you don’t have to worry about unnecessary travel.

Backyard tanning is also popular because, in many ways, it is relaxing. In many tanning salons, tanners are allowed to bring in headphones, but that is it. With backyard tanning you do not have to cram yourself into a small machine. Instead, you are free to move around. While tanning you could not only listen to music, but read a book, do your homework, work on additional projects, go for a swim, or even play outdoor sports. You can almost always achieve a tan, whether you are lying down or up moving around.

While backyard tanning has it benefits, these benefits may not be right for you. You can still continue to visit your local tanning salon, but you may also want to combine it with backyard sunbathing. Tanning salon appointments may still be needed, but you may not need to make them as often.
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Gel Cushions – Low Price and High Comfort



Gel Cushions - Low Price and High Comfort
Author: www.MedAme.com
Gel Cushions - Low Price and High Comfort

If you have aging parents or if you are a caregiver for an elderly or bed-bound person, you probably know about pressure ulcers. These can be hard to treat, hard to get rid of, and very painful. The key to healing them and stopping more from appearing is to take the pressure off of the area, but this is not always something that can be done. There are times when a person must lie a certain way, in a specific position, and there are also individuals who simply cannot turn over by themselves. Anyone like this is vulnerable to getting pressure ulcers, and the people who take care of them can get very concerned about the health and comfort of their patients when these ulcers appear. Ulcers can lead to infections, and these can be highly detrimental to a patient who is already in a weakened state.

For people who suffer with different kinds of pressure ulcers, Convo-Gel Ulcer Prevention Cushions are the way to go for both healing and comfort. These cushions come in four sizes: 16X16X3, 18X16X3, 20X16X3, and 20X18X3. Even the smallest one, at 16 inches square, is still a good size for most people and most pressure ulcers. The 20 by 18 inch size can accommodate almost anyone. This allows someone who is smaller to get an ulcer prevention cushion that fits well while still offering products for larger people. At less than $65 per cushion they are an economical way to provide comfort and to allow an ulcer to heal more quickly. The Convo-Gel cushion is an innovative product and is designed to not only reduce pressure but to prevent and heal ulcers that are caused by having too much pressure on one area. Other cushions also claim to do this, but many of them cannot compete with the Convo-Gel brand. One of the reasons that it works so well is because it has three separate and unique materials contained in one cushion.

In its first, outside layer, the Convo-Gel cushion has Unitek Nylon, which is a 70 Denier urethane coated nylon fabric. This fabric is very durable but will not rub and chafe sensitive skin. This is important. Rough fabric continuously rubbing on an area that already has or is in danger of developing an ulcer would be both painful and dangerous. In its second layer, the cushion offers convoluted foam in a very high density for added comfort and to protect the center. In the third layer, the very center, the Convo-Gel ulcer prevention cushion has an aqueous gel in it to provide another layer of comfort and to help take pressure off of a particular area in the easiest way possible. By having all three of these materials combined in one cushion the interface pressure that the patient would otherwise have is greatly reduced. This not only provides the much-needed comfort that the patient is looking for but it also offers a higher chance for healing than would be seen with some of the other types of cushions on the market today. The key is in the three-layer design and the support of the foam layer.

Ischial tuberosities are supported by the viscous gel, which is also non-toxic. If for some reason the cushion would break or leak, there is no danger of it making the patient sick. This is true of both gel that is ingested and gel that gets on the skin. Over three quarts of this gel is contained in a bladder surrounded by fire-retardant polyurethane foam, another safety feature that Convo-Gel offers. The Convo-Gel cushion also offers a zippered nylon cover for easy removal and cleaning, and carrying handles so that it can be moved around without a problem. While the cushion is not extremely heavy the solid foam design and the gel that is included in the cushion do add some weight to it. The Convo-Gel cushion can be shipped within the continental United States for free. For other places, shipping can be arranged.

For people who are dealing with bariatric ulcers, Convo-Gel also makes a Bariatric Ulcer Prevention Cushion. These cushions are made of the same material as the other Convo-Gel cushions, but they come in six larger sizes: 22X18X3, 22X20X3, 24X18X3, 24X20X3, 26X18X3, and 26X20X3. These sizes can handle almost any pressure ulcer with ease, and they range in price from just over $75 for the smallest one to around $100 for the largest of the bariatric cushions. While slightly more expensive than the more standard Convo-Gel Ulcer Prevention Cushion the bariatric version is also much larger, which makes the higher price understandable. For people who have pressure ulcers the cost is usually not the largest issue. The main concern is making sure that individuals who are suffering from the discomfort of a pressure ulcer get the relief they need.
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Bariatric Beds Provide Comfort For Larger Patients



Bariatric Beds Provide Comfort For Larger Patients
Author: Med Ame
Bariatric Beds Provide Comfort For Larger Patients

It's no secret that obesity has become a serious problem today. People in the United States have been gaining weight by leaps and bounds, and they often have trouble losing it. With that being the case there are critics who have no sympathy and others who believe that these people are simply victims of a problematic society. Whatever the case, though, there doesn't seem to be any quick fix and this overweight population is getting older, putting more pressure on an already strained healthcare system. Just because there are a lot of overweight people, however, does not mean that they should be made to suffer if they become disabled. Thankfully, there are products designed just for them!

One of these is the Invacare Manual Bariatric Bed. It can support up to 600 pounds but is easy to set up in the home. Despite the ease of setup, though, the bed is very substantial and sturdy. While the cost of the bed is near $4700, the value for the money is unsurpassed. That cost is no more than what would be paid for a high-end, full or queen size bed with mattress and box spring, and the Invacare bed is rated for much higher weights. The wider surface and truss assembly helps provide the maximum amount of support while still giving comfort, as does the extra bracing that is integrated into the bed frame itself. The bed ends are removable and the bed offers a split-spring design, which helps make the bed easier to set up. This allows a caregiver to set up this kind of bed for a bariatric patient and does not require a team of individuals or a professional installer to assemble, and there are not even any special tools needed to put the bed together.

The motor that comes with the bed can be attached and detached easily with the easy-release motor mounts. The frame is made of steel and is robotically welded, reducing the chance of problems such as frame failure. There is a hand pendant that comes with this bed, and that allows both the caregiver and the patient to operate the controls. With the pendant a person can adjust the position of both the head and the foot of the bed, and also raise and lower the height of the actual bed surface itself. The motor, in addition to being easy to attach and remove, features a very smooth operation and is extremely quiet. This is a benefit to a patient who does not want to disturb others with too much sound when he or she raises and lowers parts of the bed, and can be especially important for circumstances where the caregiver is a husband or wife and shares the same bedroom. Many people who are bariatric patients already feel guilty about their weight and feel as though they are a burden to their families. Anything that can be done to help alleviate this and make them more comfortable is important to patient and caregiver alike.

Another fine feature of the Invacare Manual Bariatric Bed, though, is that there is also a hand crank. It allows a person to manual raise or lower any part of the bed that has been adjusted via the pendant and the motor. This can be very helpful for cases where there might be a power failure which could otherwise leave the patient in a very uncomfortable position. The height of the bed itself can also be adjusted from 18 to 25 inches, providing options based on the size and height of the caregiver and also helping a bariatric patient that might not be totally bed-bound to set a height that is comfortable for getting in and out of bed. An 80 inch long and 42 inch wide sleep surface helps to ensure that patients will be comfortable once they are in bed and will not overhang the bed, which can cause serious discomfort and make it almost impossible for them to change positions.

The bed comes with a lifetime warranty on the welds, a five-year warranty on the structure and the frame, and a one-year warranty on any of the electrical and mechanical parts. Not all bariatric beds provide that kind of comprehensive warranty. This makes the Invacare Manual Bariatric Bed one of the overall best choices for people who are too heavy to be comfortable in a standard adjustable bed. If you are one of those people, or you take care of someone who is, checking into the Invacare bed can be a good investment in your future comfort.
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Heart Attack Symptoms



Heart Attack Symptoms
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.info



Heart Attack Symptoms

Myocardial infarction or heart attack commonly occurs when blood supply to a portion of heart gets blocked. The blocked blood needs to be restored early; else the clot in the heart coronary arteries may damage the heart muscles or even cause death. Any individual can suffer from this medical condition. However, some people are more susceptible to have heart conditions than others. The major triggers of heart attack are previous history of diseases like heart attacks, bypass surgery, angina, stroke, atherosclerotic coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc., older age, smoking, alcohol, drug addiction, obesity, stress, etc.

Sign and Symptom of a Heart Attack: Some early heart attack symptoms include dizziness, excessive pressure, chest pain and squeezing. There is burning pain in varied body parts like arms, jaw, stomach, back, neck and epigastrium. The person may feel shortness of breath, excessive sweating, nausea, palpitation, anxiety, vomiting, etc.

Female Heart attack Symptom: Heart attack in women is less common as compared with men. Men over 45 and women over 55 have a higher risk of having a heart attack. In women chest pain heart attack symptom is less analytical as in the case of men. Some common women heart attack symptoms are fatigue, sleep disorder, dyspnea, weakness, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, back and jaw pain. The causes of MI in female are also very distinct as compared to men. Some major causes include lower income, short education, oral contraceptive pills, etc.

Silent heart attack symptom: Heart attack that occurs without any symptoms is known as a silent heart attack. These are most common in women, patients of diabetes and people older than 65. Silent heart attacks often occur with mild heart attack symptoms like chest pain.

Massive heart attack symptom: Massive heart attack occurs due to the cut off of blood supply to the heart muscles. This blockage reduces the heart muscles ability to pump the blood and also affects the working of the heart valves. Some massive heart attack symptoms are chest tightness, burning, pain in the left shoulder, arm and hand, discomfort in neck and jaw, sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and fatigue.

Panic heart attack symptom: Panic heart attack is considered a serious condition as the exact causes are still not known. However, the major causes are believed to be stress and anxiety due to major life changes like marriage, first child, graduation, exams, etc. Panic heart attack generally occurs during the teens or early adulthood. A few panic heart attack symptoms are chest pain, shortness of breath, rapid or pounding heart beat (palpitations), sweating, dizziness, weakness, abdominal difficulty, feeling light headed, etc.

Heart Attack Treatment

· Physical examination: Initially, the doctor will review the patient's complete medical history. He will then perform a physical examination of your body and listen to your chest. The doctor will check for signs like abnormal sounding of lungs, rapid pulse rate, high blood pressure, etc.for heart condition diagnosis.

· Tests: The actual diagnosis of heart attack is done with the help of tests like CT scan, MRI or Electrocardiogram. These tests are used to discover different abnormalities. The blood tests can also help you to detect abnormal levels.

After the complete diagnosis, treatments to restore the blood flow should be started. Treatments include medicines and medical procedures. A wide variety of medicines are available to treat and prevent heart attacks. Medicines can also be bought to relieve pain in chest, arms etc. With the help of life-saving procedures like angioplasty, the blocked section of the heart can be easily opened. Emergency bypass surgery can also be performed to treat the heart condition. Consult a heart specialist for heart treatment.

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Early Pregnancy Symptoms



Early Pregnancy Symptoms
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.Info



Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Pregnancy can be detected early by using pregnancy tests kits that are available at most medical supply stores. There are 2 main types of pregnancy tests ? urine pregnancy tests that can be done at home using pregnancy kits and blood pregnancy test that is done in labs. You can also look for pregnancy signs and symptoms to detect pregnancy. Some signs and symptoms of pregnancy are:

· Most obvious early pregnancy sign symptom includes a delay or absence in your menstruation cycle.
· The first symptom of pregnancy is the implantation bleeding that occurs about 6-12 days after conception. During this, the woman feels cramp and spotting.
· A female may also experience changes in her breasts, which get tender, swollen and sore about 1-2 weeks after conception.
· Another first month symptom of pregnancy includes queasiness, nausea and vomiting which show up about a month after conception.
· You may feel sense of frequent urination around 6-8 weeks after conception.
· During pregnancy the skin around the nipples tend to darken.
· Pregnant women may feel headache and lower back pains. You may also feel tired and sluggish during pregnancy.
· If your temperature stays higher than general body temperature, it is a sign and symptom of pregnancy.
· Another pregnancy symptom experienced week after week is the feeling of dizziness and or fainting due to a little exertion.
· Pregnancy may lead to a feeling of heartburn and/or constipation as well.
· Mood swings is another early pregnancy sign symptom. Due to changes in hormones, a female feels irritated and experiences mood swings.
· Another sign and symptom of pregnancy is the excessive weight gain and bloating.

Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms/ Symptom of Tubal Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy or tubal pregnancy is a pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside the woman's uterus. Generally, the egg implants itself in uterus, but in the case of ectopic pregnancy implantation occurs somewhere in the fallopian tube or in the cervix, ovaries or abdomen.For this reason ectopic pregnancy is known as tubal pregnancy as well.

As in ectopic pregnancy, the egg is implanted elsewhere and not in the uterus, it can cause significant damage to the tissues and further also result in abnormal delivery or miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy is generally diagnosed within 5-10 weeks of pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy symptoms are generally similar to normal pregnancy. Besides general pregnancy symptoms, symptoms of tubal pregnancy are:

· One-sided lower abdominal pain is a sign and symptom of ectopic pregnancy.
· Another ectopic pregnancy symptom is vaginal bleeding or severe bleeding of uterus or hemorrhage.
· You may have low blood pressure due to ectopic pregnancy.
· Early pregnancy symptom cramp and spotting after the first missed period.
· Women may feel pain in their pelvis and abdomen.
· Ectopic pregnancy makes your complexion pale and your skin feels clammy.
· In ectopic pregnancy, the female experiences lower back pain and shoulder pain as well.

Pregnancy Test Products @ MedAME

Please browse through Medame.com for quality and affordable pregnancy test kits and other medical supplies. Being a leading medical supply store, we have skin care products, diabetes products, herbal remedies, acne treatment products, diagnostic equipment, diapers and pads and much more. We also provide medical and health news and advice to keep you fit and happy. Buy our products today and see the difference.

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DNA Testing



DNA Testing
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.Info



DNA Testing Explanation and Options Review

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a nucleic acid and DNA molecules contain genetic information of all living organisms including humans, animals, plants and bacteria. DNA molecules are long, double stranded, helical molecule responsible for trait inheritance in living beings. Our each and every body cell (muscle, brain, liver, blood, sperm, etc.) contains DNA molecules except red blood cells. With the help of a DNA test, you can get evidence about your family history or genealogy. However, a DNA test cannot specify genetic diseases.

Types of DNA Tests

· Y chromosome (Y-DNA) testing: Y chromosome (Y-DNA) testing is used to trace paternal ancestry of a person. For a female to check her paternal ancestry, this test can be performed on any male family member sharing the same paternal lineage.

· Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing is the testing of DNA present in mitochondria (generally inherited from mother) to trace maternal ancestry of a person.

Benefit and Uses of DNA testing

· DNA Paternity Testing: DNA Paternity Testing is used to confirm the paternity of a child. In paternity test, a child's DNA profile is compared with the purported parent to reveal that whether a child is biologically related to the parent or not.

· Legal DNA Paternity Testing: Legal DNA paternity testing is used to resolve heritage disputes or for immigration purposes. These results are frequently used in family law matters like child custody, child care, etc.

· Immigration DNA paternity testing: Immigration DNA paternity testing is used by embassies worldwide for migration purposes. Many people also use DNA testing services to get sponsorship immigration to other country by showing biological relationship with people of that country. These tests are performed by certified DNA testing labs.

· Prenatal Paternity testing: Prenatal DNA testing is used to check the paternity of a fetus. This test is applicable for both a legal test and a peace of mind test.

· DNA Sibling testing: DNA sibling testing is used when the purported father is not available, and the test is performed on children to determine whether they are half or full sibling.

· DNA Testing Genealogy/ Ancestry DNA testing: Ancestry DNA testing is used to discover the family history by studying the current DNA samples. These tests typically compare the results of living individuals but not deceased ones to specify the genealogy information and also used to determine the migration patterns of ancient people.

· Forensic DNA Testing: In forensic DNA testing, the sample of DNA from the crime site is compared with the suspected criminal to identify a perpetrator. It is generally performed by FBI to find out and convict the criminal.

· DNA Testing for Dog: DNA testing for dog or any pet is used to identify the pathogen especially in case of mixed breeds. With infectious DNA testing for animals, you can identify the current infection troubling the animal.

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Canes and Crutches – Increase Your Loved Ones Mob



Canes and Crutches - Increase Your Loved One's Mobility
Author: www.medical-reference.info



Not everyone can get around at 80 quite as well as they did at 30, although there are some exceptions. For most people, however, mobility becomes difficult once they pass their seventies, and sometimes younger people have trouble as well. This trouble can be short-term from an accident, injury, or surgery, or it can be long-term, chronic, and debilitating. When it becomes long-term the goal becomes helping the person have as much mobility as possible. There are several ways to do this, but the most common are canes, and crutches. Which one of these is needed will depend on the degree of mobility that someone has, how steady they are on their feet, their overall health and strength, and other factors. One thing is for sure, though, and that's the fact that there are almost always options - but they should be looked at carefully to make sure you're getting the best item for your needs.

Where crutches are concerned a lot of people who use them all the time prefer the forearm crutch. Since it fits over the forearm it is more stable than the standard crutches that fit into the armpit. The forearm crutch is also beneficial because it does not rub on a person as hard as the standard crutch and this avoids the sensitive and irritated skin that can often come about due to pressure and rubbing. Invacare, a leader in home health products, makes a forearm crutch in junior, adult, and tall, and a pair can be purchased for just over $60, making them a good bargain. They are aluminum with vinyl-coated cuffs, oversized crutch tips for stability, and a three-year warranty. Since they have cushioned vinyl handgrips and can hold up to 300 pounds they are a logical choice for many people who need crutches with added stability. For people who are looking for the standard crutches, Invacare makes these as well, in junior, adult, and tall, for about $27. They have a weight capacity of 250 pounds, padded handgrips, and rubber tips that are reinforced with metal.

If crutches are not needed, canes are also good choices. Invacare and Rubbermaid both make canes. Invacare's standard cane is made of aluminum and costs only a little over $20. It is lightweight at less than a pound but can support up to 250 pounds, and it adjusts from 30 inches to 39 inches so that it can fit anyone from 4'6" to 6'6" in height. The grip on the cane is soft and spongy, reducing hand fatigue. However, it is still strong enough to resist compression so that it stays solid for a long period of time. The best thing about the Invacare cane, though, is that it has such a low price and still comes with a limited lifetime warranty. It's a great deal for someone who will be needed a cane to get around, but it's not the only cane worth considering.

Rubbermaid also has canes available with both round and offset handles. The round-handle cane comes in a standard grip and a narrower grip which is often more comfortable for the smaller hands of women. The price for one of these canes, with either grip, is just over $22, and with a 250 pound weight capacity the cane can be used by almost everyone. The height adjustment starts at 29 inches and goes all the way up to 38 inches in one inch increments, and shipping is free. However, if you need a cane with an offset handle, Rubbermaid can meet your needs there, as well. The offset handle cane has the same weight rating and height adjustment, but provides a cushioned grip and a wrist strap for just over $28 and free shipping.

No matter what cane or crutch is chosen it is important to get the right one that meets the needs of the patient. If you are the patient, you may already know what you need or what you would like better. If you are taking care of the patient, listening to that person and letting them tell you what they need is a good first step. They may have to try out some options until they find what works best for them, but they should be active participants in their care for as long as they are able. By keeping them active in the decision making process they feel more useful and the transition from their previous abilities to the need for a crutch or cane can be made in a less painful way. Depression can be a real problem for the elderly or for people who are disabled and allowing them to have as much control over their lives as possible works to lessen that.

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Bed Sores Ulcers and Wound Care Guide to Healing



Bed Sores, Ulcers and Wound Care Guide to Healing
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.Info



Reasons why your wound or bed sore isn't healing

Most skin wounds heal fairly quickly...in a matter of days or sometimes weeks. The body usually takes care of all the problems that can cause a wound to not heal.

But why is your wound not healing now?

There are a number of reasons for this, such as;
. Medical problems (like diabetes)
. Medication which can delay healing
. Inadequate nutrition and hydration
. Inadequate blood supply
. Bacteria
. Pressure on the area
. The changing nature of the skin as we age

But even with any or all of these issues, treatments today can overcome many of these problems, leading to a closed wound.

A bit more about wounds...

There are 3 categories of wounds that you might want to understand. The approach and treatment to each of these 3 categories can be greatly different.

1) Acute wounds
2) Chronic wounds
3) Other wounds, like skin cancers
. We are not covering burns in this booklet

Acute Wounds
An acute wound is generally thought of as a ‘new’ wound, usually from a trauma or even a surgical incision. A trauma can be something like a cut or scrape.

As you might realize, an acute wound starts from the outside of the skin and goes into deeper tissues. This is an important concept because a ‘chronic wound’ can be the reverse, starting inside the body and ultimately breaking down the skin from the inside.

Acute wounds usually heal quickly, but can turn into non-healing wounds for a variety of reasons. If your acute wound hasn’t healed or showed the usual improvement within a few weeks, it would be wise to consider it a chronic or problematic wound. You would probably benefit from expert help. Obviously, if you are seeing any signs of infection, you need immediate medical treatment.

Chronic wounds
Chronic wounds can be thought of in these 2 ways:
a) An acute wound that hasn’t healed after a certain amount of time OR
b) A wound associated with certain problems or conditions, like a pressure ulcer,
diabetic ulcer, venous stasis ulcer or arterial ulcer.
Dealing with these wounds involves a proper workup and diagnosis, followed by a flexible treatment plan which can change as the wound starts improving. The good news is that many of these wounds can be healed, no matter how tough. Your wound
clinician should have an expectation of progress and be able to spot if the wound is healing properly or not.

Other wounds
This is the category where things get tricky. Sometimes, you have a break in your skin and you don’t really know how it happened. Sometimes, you have a wound that you think is a chronic wound, but it isn’t responding to treatment. These wounds might not be the ‘typical’ wounds that we spoke about in the sections above. Maybe
a biopsy needs to be taken to make sure it isn’t a different type of wound, like a skin cancer.

What has changed in wound care recently?
What used to be the standard-of-care, is no longer the standard-of-care when it comes to wounds. New understanding of the way a wound heals has led to breakthroughs in new product development, along with an understanding of products which should no longer be used on skin wounds.

For example, keep it open to air has been replaced by a concept called moist wound healing. While topical ointments are still used, advances have led to new topical products which are superior in many ways to the older products.

The common ‘saline or Betadine wet-to-dry’ treatment is now understood to not promote healing and is reserved for specific clinical situations. Surgical procedures can now be performed to
either close the wound immediately or correct issues in the body, such as poor blood flow, that contribute to the non-healing nature of the wound.

In addition, a variety of new technologies are now on the market specific to wound care, including things like: nanocrystalline silver, growth factors, tissue engineered products, MMP inhibitors, enzymatic debriders, tissue scaffolds, topical negative pressure and collagen based products.

Is every doctor or nurse aware of these advances in wound care?

Absolutely not. As you would expect, clinicians who don’t focus on wounds might not be aware of the latest products and protocols, or how best to use them. While they are well meaning and they base their decisions on past experience, your situation might be one best
served by a wound specialist. If you or someone you know has a non-healing wound,

you most likely need to be seen by a wound specialist to stand your best chance of getting better, faster.

Wound centers typically have three things that should be important to you. Without these three things, wound closure will be difficult.

1) Up to date knowledge on wound issues
2) Easy access to the right testing equipment
3) Easy access to the right products

What can I do myself, as far as treatment?

Here’s the bad news. There is no magical cure or single product for chronic wounds.

Whatever you read on the Internet, there isn’t one simple remedy for all chronic wounds. Often, wound specialists use a certain product for a limited amount of time, switching to a completely different product as the wound starts to improve and has different requirements.

Specialists should also be looking at your blood flow, your nutrition and other factors which play a role in wound healing. If you have a non-healing wound, a chronic wound or a wound that could be put into the ‘other’ category’, you really need to see a wound specialist for an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.

Anything else you do will most likely be guesswork on your part, resulting in extra expense on potentially ineffective products, losing time in the process and maybe allowing the wound to get worse.

If financial issues are causing you to self-treat, it would be a good idea to speak with your local wound specialist about your financial hardship to see what can be done.

Maybe they can work with you on reduced rates?
Maybe they have some product samples that they can provide you? You’ll never know unless you ask and most wound specialists do provide a certain amount of care for which they don’t receive payment.

Where can I go for expert care?
http://www.woundcenters.com is one place to start looking. The wound centers in this database report healing rates of over 80%.
But let’s explore this question a bit closer, because this is a tricky issue.

It’s easier to understand this when you think about another medical problem. For example, if you have a heart problem, you probably go to a cardiologist. And I would expect that 9 out of 10 cardiologists will diagnose, treat and monitor you in a similar way.

But when it comes to wound care, there are many people who call themselves ‘wound experts’. Unfortunately, it’s common to see clinicians prescribe a different treatment protocol for the same wound an issue that has been discussed extensively within
the wound care community.

When it comes to wound care, you’ll find that there are legitimate wound specialists in each of the following medical fields:
. Physicians
. Surgeons
. Nurse Practitioners
. Physician Assistants
. Nurses
. Physical Therapists

As the patient, how are you to know which one to see, which one is going to give you your best chance at healing? It’s confusing to say the least.

But there are places to look for your local wound specialist, such as:
. www.woundcenters.com (list of wound centers)
. www.nawccb.org (Directory of Board Certified wound clinicians)
. www.aawm.org (Directory of Board Certified wound clinicians)
. Call your local hospital and ask if they have a wound specialist, for example, someone in charge of the hospital’s pressure ulcers
Once you locate a specialist, make sure you are comfortable with their level of expertise and capabilities....
 

Homeopathic Uses for Vodka



Homeopathic Uses for Vodka
Author: http://www.medical-guides.info



Vodka Naturalist Uses and Homeopathic Remedies -470 words

1. Pour vodka on your bandage before pulling it off. It may sting slightly but the adhesive will be naturally dissolved and leave the scab and hair surrounding it intact.

2. To kill mold and mildew spray the caulking around bath tubs and showers with 80 proof vodka, let it set for five minutes and rinse clean.

3. Vodka is a natural cleaning agent and germ killer that can naturally used to wipe your glasses with.

4. Steel is protected from rust if you soak it in vodka. Razor blades and knives can be preserved by soaking in a glass of vodka after use.

5. Applying vodka on wine stains right away can save your shirt or blouse. Blot your napkin in that vodka martini and rub it in with a brush if you can find one.

6. A natural acne remedy you can use a cotton swab to apply vodka to the face as an astringent. This natural astringent cleanses the surface of the skin and cleans and tightens clogged pores.

7. A natural hair tonic it can be used to thicken your hair add a jigger of vodka to a 12-ounce bottle of shampoo. Alcohol is a natural cleanser that extracts toxins from the scalp and rejuvenates clogged or damaged hair follicles.

8. Vodka is a natural pesticide that kills bees and wasps. To rid your eaves of a hornets nest or beehive pour undilluted vodka into an insecticide sprayer. Its cheaper and safer than chemical pesticides.

9. To make a natural cold pack add one-half cup vodka and one-half cup water into a sealable freezer bag and put in the freezer for a slushy, refreshing ice cold pack for aches, pain or black eyes.

10. Here is a natural pain remedy for muscle aches. Stuff a jar with fresh lavender flowers, fill the jar with vodka, seal the lid tightly and leave it in the sun for three days. Use cheese cloth or a coffee filter to strain the potion. Use a cotton ball or gauze to directly apply the tincture to body part in pain.

11. To relieve a fever, use a washcloth to rub vodka on your chest and back as a liniment.

12. Detoxify your feet and eliminate foot odor by soaking your feet in vodka.

13. A natural remedy for painful jellyfish stings vodka will naturally clean the stung area and extract the poison from the surface area of the skin.

14. A natural cure for poison ivy simply apply it liberally over the rash and it will extract the urushoil poison in the plant from the surface area of the skin and naturally wash it away.

15. Swish a shot of vodka over an aching tooth. Allow your gums to absorb some of the alcohol to numb the pain....
 

Heat Therapy or Cold Therapy -Which Is Right For Y



Heat Therapy or Cold Therapy -Which Is Right For You?
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.Info



Heat Therapy or Cold Therapy -Which Is Right For You?

Heat and cold therapy are ancient forms of treatment that still hold value today. The premise behind both heat therapy and cold therapy is that of a very basic, natural treatment that is effective on many problems. The age-old debate, of course, is whether to use heat or cold on an injury to promote healing. Before deciding on an appropriate therapy, it is helpful to understand the underlying differences between each type of therapy.

The heat therapy solutions that most of us are familiar fall into the category of superficial heat therapy. Superficial heat therapy works by warming the skin and the underlying tissue directly, making it an ideal treatment for sore muscles and back pain. As the skin and tissue warm, the blood vessels dilate, increasing blood flow, decreasing pain and delivering additional nutrients to the injured area. This in turn promotes the healing process. In addition, the heat increases the flexibility of the tissue, leading to a decrease in stiffness and soreness associated with injuries.

Heat therapy is most often used to relieve chronic injuries or newer injuries that are not red or swollen. Heat therapy can also be an extremely effective treatment for chronic pain when applied to sore muscles and ligaments prior to exercise. While heat is soothing on arthritis, it can sometimes cause additional swelling or pain. Lastly, heat therapy is a very effective treatment for muscle spasms or tightness, as the heat relaxes muscles and encourages greater muscle elasticity. Because heat dilates the blood vessels, heat therapy should never be used if the injury is inflamed, as the heat will exacerbate any swelling. Heat therapy is discouraged if an individual has diabetes, dermatitis, peripheral vascular disease or an open wound.

Forms of superficial heat therapy run the full spectrum, from very simple to more complex. On the simpler side, heat therapy products include items that everyone has on hand. Incredibly easy to use and very inexpensive, these treatments include hot water bottles, warm baths and heating pads. In addition, there are many simple solutions available that radiate heat longer and more uniformly. Heat packs range from a simple compress, such as the SensaFlex Hot and Cold Compress, to more comprehensive treatments that wrap around the injured area, such as the Therma-Wrap Hot and Cold Compresses. Paraffin baths can also be used to surround a sore or strained body part, such as a hand, foot or elbow. The warm melted paraffin radiates heat to the injury by coating the injured body part with a thin paraffin coating (see the Para-Care Paraffin Bath).

Similarly, cold therapy has many of the same benefits as heat therapy. Cold therapy, also known as cryotherapy, acts as a better numbing agent than heat, anesthetizing the sore tissue and decreasing pain. The cold relieves swelling by constricting the blood vessels and reducing circulation, which in turn also reduces internal or external bleeding.

Cryotherapy is most effective when used directly after an injury. A sharp sprain or typical sports injury is generally best treated with cold therapy for 10-15 minutes at a time. Cold therapy can also be a useful treatment for a chronic injury, when the pain is recurring after a certain activity or event, such as a tender ankle after running. If there is any swelling or redness present, cold therapy is always the preferred treatment. There are, however, some situations in which cold therapy should never be used: if you suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, Raynaud’s syndrome, have a cold allergy, impaired sensation or any paralysis.

Cold therapy techniques are generally simple, straightforward and inexpensive. Homemade cold treatments can include ice bags, ice massages or a frozen bag of peas. Slightly more thorough and portable treatments include cold packs and ice packs in a variety of sizes and shapes to conform to your body, from the child-size Boo Boo Pac to adult-size cold compresses (ColPac Vinyl Therapy Pack and Therma Wrap Hot and Cold Therapy).

Both treatments have a few commonalities that make them appealing. The cost and convenience, added to the fact that these are completely natural treatments, add to the appeal. All that is left to do is decide on your chosen therapy.

Source:
The Use of Ice in the Treatment of Acute Soft-Tissue Injury. A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials; Chris Bleakley, et al, The American Journal of Sports Medicine 2004, Volume 32.

Superficial Heat and Cold: How to Maximise the Benefits; Matthew Karl, MD, and Stanley Herring, MD, The Physician and Sportsmedicine, vol. 22(12), pp. 65-74, 1994

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Herpes Symptoms Treatment



Herpes Symptoms & Treatment
Author: http://www.Medical-Guides.info



Herpes Symptoms, Prevention and Cures Review

What is Herpes?

Herpes is an sexually transmitted infectious disease caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). It causes painful infection in human beings such as watery blisters on the lips, mouth or on the genitals. The main residential sites for HSV are semen, vaginal fluids, shredded skin in the pelvic area and saliva and the contamination generally occurs through sexual contact with herpes infected person, therefore the best way to keep away from herpes is to avoid sexual contact with the diseased person. Women are more prone to Herpes as compared to men. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is of two types - HSV-1 and HSV-2.

What is HSV-1 and HSV-2?

· HSV-1 or Herpes Type-I impinge on the skin and mucous membranes, it causes cold sores or fever blisters and is transmitted by oral and respiratory secretions. It is also referred to as oral herpes.

· HSV-2 on the other hand affects the private areas and can result in painful genital ulcers. HSV-2 is transmittable through all kinds of sexual contacts (anal sex, oral sex, vaginal sex, and kissing). HSV-2 is also commonly referred to as genital herpes.

What are herpes symptoms?

Herpes can be inactive or silent and may outbreak without any prior herpes sign symptoms. So, people often remain uninformed of being infected. However some noticeable early herpes symptom includes pain during urination, burning, itching, tingling or tenderness. These warning symptoms can help you identify whether or not you are suffering from herpes. Some people who suffer from HSV-2 often experience mild herpes symptoms incase of silent herpes which may be apparent after a week or so.

Herpes Oral Symptoms
Herpes oral symptoms are usually not apparent in most of the cases, but oral painful infections which may cause burning, or itching may be the early herpes symptoms of oral herpes. Some of the common herpes oral symptoms are:

· Fever
· Headache
· Muscle ache
· Swollen glands
· Flu-like symptoms
· Lower back pain
· Fever and swollen glands
· Outbreaks of blisters
Genital Herpes Symptoms
Genital herpes sign symptoms become noticeable within 2-10 days after the virus is transmitted. When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. These blisters break leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur. Typically, another outbreak can appear weeks or months after the first, but it almost always is less severe and shorter than the first outbreak. The infection may stay in the body indefinitely, but the number of outbreaks tends to decrease over a period of years. If you notice a herpes outbreak symptom, you must take medical help. Some of the common genital herpes symptoms are:
· Genital infections
· Painful ulcers in genital area
· Pain when urinating
· Small red bumps in genital area
· Suppressed immune systems
· Burning sensation in the genitals
· Painful urination or vaginal discharge
· Urinary tract infections
· Abrasions or razor burns
· Ingrown hair follicles

Prevention of Herpes
Herpes cannot be cured but definitely can be prevented with diligence and care, and regular herpes treatment can help to keep a check on herpes outbreak symptom that can further lessen the transmission. Herpes can be easily diagnosed with a blood test, microscopic testing of tissue scrapings, viral cell culture test, immune response test.

To put a stop to the transmission of HSV:
· Normal persons should practice monogamous sex
· Use latex condoms and practice safe and healthy sex
· Practice daily suppressive therapy for symptomatic herpes
· Visit a local STD clinic or hospital to seek proper medical aid

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Technology To Help Diabetics With Their Care



Technology To Help Diabetics With Their Care
Author: Medame.com
Home Diagnostics - Technology To Help Diabetics With Their Care

When a person must deal with a diagnosis of diabetes there are several different ways that he or she can react. Most often, however, the person gets on with his or her life and adapts to the changes that must be made. These can include diet and exercise, but they often also include medication and a need to check blood sugar levels. Some diabetics have to do this only once a week, some once a day, and others several times each day. No matter which category you fall into, getting a good and accurate blood sugar reading can be essential to good health. Without knowing your blood sugar levels you may have trouble properly regulating your diet and your medication dosage, especially if you must take insulin frequently. Diabetes used to be more complex in its care, but advances in both medicine and technology have made it easier to address.

One example of this is the Accu-Chek Advantage Diabetes Care Kit, which sells for around $86 and comes with free continental United States shipping. Using this device is very simple. In order to get your blood sugar test results with this kit you only need to complete two simple steps and wait 26 seconds. Then you get a reading and know what your blood sugar is. In addition to the simplicity that it has and the rapid results that can be viewed on the easy-to-read display the meter is capable of storing up to 100 tests, meaning you can go back and see whether your blood sugar has been staying stable. In addition, the results can be downloaded to a computer and stored that way. By doing this you will be able to chart your blood sugar more easily and keep track of whether it is well-controlled or whether there is more that needs to be done. Perhaps a medication change or a dosage adjustment may be necessary if blood sugar levels are still consistently running higher than normal or if there are large fluctuations. The only way to know for sure is to test your blood sugar when you should and use a reliable meter.

There are many benefits to the Accu-Chek Advantage kit, and one of the most important ones is that so many things come with it. In the kit you will receive the meter and its carrying case, but you also get test strips, a Chek strip, a battery, a lancing device and lancets, a diary to record your sugar levels and other information, and control solution. By providing a kit with all of this included a diabetic can save both time and money. If all of these things were bought separately they would total up to a lot more than the price of the kit and probably take longer to shop for, as well. The convenience of the kit helps make having diabetes a little bit easier.

Another great example of a diabetes test kit that has everything in one convenient place is the Ascensia Elite XL Diabetes Care System. This test kit contains the same basics as the Accu-Chek kit but comes with one extra battery and the ability to store 120 tests as compared to the 100 tests which can be stored by the Accu-Chek device. Since this test has capillary action, exactly the right amount of blood is drawn each time the device is used. You'll never have to worry about not getting enough for an accurate test or getting more than you need. The Ascensia care system also has a five-year warranty, which is highly beneficial for diabetics that must use the kit very often and is two years longer than the three-year warranty on the Accu-Chek kit. The more usage it receives the faster it will wear out, and knowing that it is guaranteed for several years can help a person on a limited income feel better about his or her purchase. For just over $72 the Ascensia kit can be purchased and you can get the same things that you would get with the Accu-Chek kit with the exception of the diary.

Some people have a personal preference about which brand of blood sugar meter they want to use and have differing opinions about what constitutes value and quality. Because of that it is important to spend some time researching options when it comes to devices that can affect your health. The matter of a few dollars should not determine whether you get the brand of blood glucose meter that you feel is best for you. No matter whether you base your choice on the warranty, the number of tests stored, or something else, getting the meter that you want and feel comfortable with can go a long way toward establishing the proper routine of checking your blood sugar and taking care of your health.
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Prevent and Heal Bed Sores



Disabled

Prevent and Heal Bed Sores
Author: MedAme.Com
Alternating Pressure Mattresses Can Help Prevent and Heal Bed Sores

Does your elderly parent or other relative have a bed sore that just won't seem to heal? Are you a caregiver for someone with a similar problem? Often, caregivers for the elderly despair about the best way to take care of these kinds of issues, but they don't have to worry so much. There are products that can help! One of the best products out there for the relief and prevention of pressure sores in the elderly and anyone else who is bed bound is the Masonair Alternating Pressure Mattress system. An alternating pressure mattress - or APM - is designed with a therapeutic surface, providing a lot of comfort to a bed-bound or mostly bed-bound person while lowering the chances of developing pressure sores. Using this type of mattress can also help current pressure sores to heal more quickly, giving added comfort to the patient.

The Masonair mattress is a top-of-the-line item. It measures a roomy 35 inches by 80 inches and has an internal system containing 20 individual air bladders. By providing so many different bladders the pressure is more even and this helps to protect the skin of the patient as well as make the mattress more comfortable and more stable. The best thing about the Masonair APM, though, is the fact that it has so many great features that come standard. The air pump used for the bed is quiet and the controls are user-friendly. These help both the patient and the caregiver to use the bed with a minimum of discomfort or confusion. The pump has different comfort settings that adjust to the needs of each patient who uses the mattress. There is low pressure support designed into the bed automatically and an internal sensor that monitors the surface pressure to provide the highest level of comfort possible. Beds that have these kinds of pumps and pressure monitoring systems will alert a caregiver with both an audio and a visual alarm when the pressure gets low. This allows for a quick fix for the patient before any discomfort is developed. The alarm also goes off if the power goes out, the air hose comes unhooked, or the pump is unplugged, and the alarm can be turned off and reset with the push of a button.

The Masonair Alternating Pressure Mattress System also comes in two different types - one that has a powered support surface and one that has a low air loss system. A powered support surface mattress costs less than $900, and a low air loss mattress is slightly more money, coming in at just under $1400. These mattresses have a soft/firm key and an LED display so that the patient and the caregiver can adjust the mattress to to the desired comfort level and see that it stays there. Most APM mattresses are adjustable but not all of them offer the efficiency of the LED display option preferred by caregivers.

Because the pump that comes with the system has such a high output it offers six LPM for the powered support surface and eight LPM for the low air loss option. This can make inflating the mattress very quick and easy for almost anyone. It reduces the strain on the caregivers and keeps the patient from the feelings of guilt that some elderly people end up with when they have reached the point where others have to take care of them. Once the mattress is inflated the alternating cell depth is designed for comfort and the 5.5 inch CPR feature lets you deflate the mattress very rapidly in case of emergency. That safety feature is important to a lot of caregivers but it's not something that can be found on every APM available on the market today. Another great feature of this brand of mattress is the anti-microbial cover. It is non-shear and fully encloses the entire mattress and the three-inch foam base.

The Masonair brand of alternating pressure mattress is dedicated to both comfort and quality. The company is also very careful about providing its customers with as many features for the price as possible to make the lives of their patients more comfortable and the lives of the caregivers easier as well. There is often a lot of stress on a caregiver of an elderly person. Whether their patient is someone they are paid to take care of or an aging relative, the physical and mental strain on these people can be enormous and exhausting. Anything that the company can do to alleviate that stress is a benefit to all of their customers.
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Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized



Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized
Author: http://www.MedAme.com
Physical Therapy Does Not Have To Be Stigmatized

All too often, people who need physical therapy avoid it because they feel uncomfortable. It angers them that they cannot do what they used to do before their accident or injury or surgery, and since that is the case they retreat from life and just assume that they are stuck with their new mobility level. Physical therapy, however, does not have to have such a stigma about it. It is a necessary part of life for a lot of people and those people should not be ashamed of working hard to return to the lives that they led before.

For an elderly person physical therapy can be especially difficult, and the same is true for people who are handicapped. These groups may never have - or return to, in the case of an elderly individual - the same mobility level that is seen in most of the population. Even though this is a reality that a lot of people face, that does not mean that they have to waste away and not enjoy everything that they are able to do. Physical therapy aids like hand and arm exercisers, pedal exercisers, and equipment to help a person stretch and strengthen his or her limbs can be of tremendous assistance to someone who wants to improve mobility.

For those who are having trouble walking because of weakness due to old age or a debilitating condition, pedal exercisers can help them strengthen their legs without the dangers of walking around unsupervised. These work like a bicycle, but they can be used anywhere. They are small and portable, and the patient can easily sit on the couch or a comfortable chair, place the pedal exerciser on the floor, and use it while watching TV or visiting with others in the comfort of his or her own home. This makes the pedal exerciser very beneficial to someone who is trying to build up leg strength and become safer and more mobile in the future.

Other people who need physical therapy might be able to get around just fine but have problems with the strength in one or both hands or arms. This can come from an injury, a handicap, or a medical problem such as a stroke. Hand and arm exercisers are a safe and easy option for these people to regain both strength and mobility. Having items to squeeze builds hand strength, and using very light weights can help to return muscle tone and strength to arms that might otherwise not as easily recover. Having enough hand and arm strength is important, especially for elderly or handicapped people who might have balance problems and need to steady themselves to keep from falling.

A fall could be very serious, and this is certainly true if the person lives alone. If no one is around to help an elderly person or someone with a handicap might lay on the floor for a long time waiting for rescue. If the fall injured that person, it could even become life-threatening. There is certainly nothing wrong with using physical therapy aids to regain strength and mobility in an effort to avoid such dangers. Adult children who have elderly parents and caregivers of the handicapped can encourage this kind of physical therapy work by being tactful, open, and honest about the benefits that can be attained.

Another good way to use physical therapy aids to improve mobility and strength is through the use of stretching. As we age, we often do not move around as much, because our bodies do not always like to do everything they used to do. Disabled people can have the same problems - they are often not as mobile as others, so they do not make any extra effort to keep up the mobility and strength that they do have. The use of strengthening and stretching equipment such as bands can help make physical therapy exercise more enjoyable and convince people to work harder at making themselves as strong, healthy, and mobile as their bodies will allow.

An important consideration when choosing physical therapy aids for exercise is what the person is already capable of doing and their general level of health. Following a doctor's recommendations is very important to ensuring that a person starting out on a physical therapy program is not further injured by trying to do too much too quickly. Open and honest conversation with the doctor and with the patient is the way to avoid most problems that could arise, and will allow an elderly or disabled person to enjoy better freedom of movement through rewarding and beneficial exercise.
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Handicapped Home Bariatric Task Chairs

http://www.DISABLEDSHOWER.INFO Hard to find bariatric task chairs for handicapped home. Gastric bypass recipes and bariatric seating for all terrain wheelchair. Read the rest of this entry

Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection



Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection
Author: http://www.MedAme.com
Pads and Overlays Are Good Choices for Protection

There are a lot of different kinds of mattress overlays and it depends on exactly what you're in need of as to which one would be best for your situation. The most common of the overlays are filled with water, air, or gel. All three have their benefits for the bed-bound patient or for a person who is mobile but who does spend the majority of his or her time in bed. If you are the caregiver for a person in this condition - whether that person is a relative or someone you are being paid to care for - you want that person to be comfortable and well-cared-for. There are a lot of ways to do this, and one of the best is through the use of a mattress overlay. But which one should you buy - water, air, or gel?

A popular water overlay is the Hydr-O-Ease Flotation Mattress Overlay. These can be purchased in both gel and water varieties for about $76 or $62 respectively. This particular overlay works well for home care, but it can also be used in nursing homes and in hospitals, both for therapeutic treatment and for pressure relief. The sleeping surface is comfortable and there is one big benefit with this overlay - it doesn't have that wave effect and rocking problem that is usually found in most water mattresses. It also won't easily leak because the seams are heat sealed and then electronically tested. The overlay is durable, too, being composed of high-grade vinyl that has been treated with an anti-microbial agent. Clean-up and sanitation is a snap. The pad measures 32 inches by 72 inches and the instructions for filling it and taking care of it are printed on it, to avoid losing an instruction sheet. There are fill lines on the water flotation overlay and pre-measured packets for the gel overlay to make sure that it is filled to the proper depth. Another good feature of the Hydr-O-Ease is the temperature gauge, which is easy to read and can help avoid problems like hypothermia that can come about from allowing a patient to lie on a mattress full of cold water or gel.

Another popular choice is the Air-O-Ease Static Air Mattress Overlay. This overlay avoids the chance of leakage that can come from a water or gel mattress. It has the same heat sealed seams and anti-microbial surface as the Hydr-O-Ease and costs a bit less, at around $52 making it a more affordable option for patients who are on a very fixed income. The air circulation that comes through the unique construction of this Mason Medical air mattress helps to keep the buildup of heat down and also lower the interface pressures that patients have when they spend a long time lying in their bed. It also helps to remove moisture to keep a patient dry. Placement over the mattress is secured with retraining straps that can be adjusted to fit all types and sizes of mattresses, preventing the overlay from sliding around. The Air-O-Ease is the same size as the Hydr-O-Ease, measuring 32 inches by 72 inches, and features two adaptors for filling the mattress and removing the air when the mattress is no longer needed. One of the best features of this overlay is that it conforms to California Technical Bulletin #117, which means that it has a high degree of fire retardancy. It ships free to anywhere in the continental United States.

If a gel overlay would be preferred, the Sierra Gel Mattress Overlay might be the right choice. At just under $223 it is more expensive than the other options but some people find it to be superior to the other options available for mattress overlays. It is slightly bigger than its competitors, measuring in at 34X78X3, and it not only meets the same fire retardant specifications of the Air-O-Ease but also meets all standards for infection control. It offers a support base and a shell made of a high-density polyurethane foam. Inside the overlay are a series of gel bladders. The surface cleans easily and there is no assembly or inflation necessary. The gel is non-toxic should it ever leak due to a puncture or other problem, and the anti-microbial and anti-bacterial border material and bottom panel help to keep the patient both comfortable and healthy.

When purchasing a pad or overlay for a mattress there are a lot of different considerations and it is easy to see here that there are also a lot of different options. Most of these depend on issues like cost and features, but personal preference also plays a strong role. Patients who are able should certainly have a say in what type of overlay is purchased. For those who do not have that ability, taking a good look at features and benefits can go a long way toward making the right overlay choice.
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Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function



Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function
Author: www.MedAME.com
Oxygen Therapy for Improved Lung Function

When people need to be on oxygen they must have a source that's reliable. Some of these people can go for a period of time without their supplemental oxygen but others must have access to it at all times in order to survive. These individuals can range from elderly people with emphysema to much younger patients with chronic heart and lung ailments. If you need supplemental oxygen or if you care for someone who does, chances are you worry about whether they have everything that they need and whether they have a reliable system to provide oxygen for them without failing or breaking down. There are several brands of oxygen concentrators out there for sale, and it's important to get one of the best ones so that you won't be fearful of running out of oxygen or having a system that does not produce at a high enough flow rate for the needs that you have.

The Invacare Platinum XL II 5-Liter Oxygen Concentrator is one of the best and most reliable choices on the market today. It comes in two styles - a standard model for around $1165 and an upgraded model for just over $1300, both of which come with a limited warranty for five years. The best thing about the warranty, however, is that there is no hour limit on the compressor. In other words, it could be allowed to run continuously for the full five years and would still be covered by the warranty. This is a great benefit for people who must use the oxygen often and therefore operate the compressor frequently. It is a limited warranty, though, so it's important to read everything thoroughly and know exactly what's covered and what's not to make sure that you understand everything about the machine.

The Invacare oxygen concentrator is also completely compatible with the HomeFill II Oxygen Filling System and is extremely quiet. It has a proprietary, spring-mounted compressor and comes in at a noise level of only 50 dB. The top handle and the bottom recesses of the system allow for easy handling and because it has an upgraded compressor the time before preventative maintenance is required is longer than it would be on most other brands. In order to help make maintenance and cleaning easier the Invacare oxygen concentrator also has a side door to help a person reach the inlet filter and the diagnostics. The internal components are accessed through removing only four cabinet screws and the system runs on a standard 110 volt outlet, meaning no special wiring is required. The oxygen output of the machine is between 87% and 95% at all flow rates, providing enough oxygen for almost anyone's needs.

If the 5-Liter oxygen concentrator is not enough, there is also a 10-Liter model. This model provides up to 10 liters of oxygen a minute to help patients who require a very high flow. It only weighs two pounds more than the 5-Liter model and costs around $1000 more, but it can provide enough oxygen for even the most severe patients. Most patients don't fall into this category but there are certainly some who do, and their very lives could depend on whether they get the amount of supplemental oxygen that they need. The 10-Liter model is also a very attractive alternative to someone who doesn't want to use one of the liquid systems but still needs something that will provide them with the strong flow rate that they require. In addition to the five-year compressor warranty that the 5-Liter model has, the 10-Liter model also offers a warranty of three years on all of the other components of the machine.

The sound level of the 10-Liter model is just 8 dB louder and the flow rate is the same, at 87% to 95%. Both operate in the same way, need the same kind of maintenance, and have the same basic dimensions. The difference between the two machines and which one a person would want to buy would come down to how much oxygen that person needed on a minute by minute basis. Needing a flow rate of 10 liters per minute would require the larger and more expensive model, as the smaller one wouldn't be able to produce that amount. If you need oxygen, you should check with your doctor to be sure exactly what your needs are currently and what they're expected to be within the next few years, so you can be sure to get the right oxygen concentrator to meet all your needs.

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